Platelets are components of the blood that are responsible for stopping you from bleeding too much. They work to bind ruptured veins and make the blood thicker. These blood components are produced at the bone marrow, similar to the other two components of the blood which are the white and red blood cells. Platelets are also called thrombocytes. They are microscopic but get larger when you bleed due to cuts or injuries. The average count of platelets in adults should be around 300,000 microliters. The maximum normal platelet count falls to 450,000 while the lowest should be around 150,000. When your platelet count goes below the minimum which is 150,000 microliters, you would have a disorder called thrombocytopenia. You would experience some of the effects of low blood platelets which are as follows.
You would get bruised easily or you would have excessive bruising in different parts of your body.
You would experience some superficial bleeding, especially on the lower part of the legs, in the skin and would appear as red to purple spots. o Prolonged bleeding – since you do not have enough platelets to immediately stop the bleeding when you cut yourself, your blood would continuously flow out.
- Bleeding gums and nose
You would suffer from nosebleeds more often than not. Also, your gums would bleed even when you are just brushing your teeth.
- Blood in stool or urine
Your blood would be too thin and easy to flow out when you have too little platelets. Because of that, your blood would go out with your urine or stool in drops or even in big amounts if your case is severe.
- Abnormally heavy menstruation
Not only would you need thicker napkins when you have low counts of platelets while you are on your period, you would also be suffering from it for a longer time.
Your spleen would get enlarged and would lead to another set of symptoms.
Fatigue is very common to people who have different chronic illnesses including ITP or Immune Thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia can be caused by many factors. Some people could suffer from this disease because of decreased production of platelets due to a serious bone marrow dysfunction. It could also be because of viruses that attack the blood and destroy the different components in it. Thrombocytopenia can also be caused by trapped platelets in the spleen. In some cases, lowered platelet count could be due to pregnancy and even medications.
There are different ways that you can increase your platelets. You can improve your diet and your lifestyle. Get away from too much sugary drinks and alcohol, and add more B vitamins to your diet. You should also avoid using painkillers which thins your blood. Take some natural supplements that could increase your bone marrow function and promote your immune system. You have to make sure that you would always consult your doctor about any symptom that you could be experiencing and ask him or her on what other measures you could take to help with your sickness.